NHPC Valuation : About the Company
NHPC Limited is an Indian Hydropower generation company that was incorporated in the year 1975. The objective was to plan, promote and organise an integrated and efficient development of hydroelectric power in all aspects. Now, NHPC has expanded its objects to include other sources of energy like Solar, Geothermal, Tidal, Wind etc.
The company operates in the Energy sector where market dominance comes from scale, distribution, capacity and licensing. NHPC has become the largest company for hydropower development in India. The company has capabilities to undertake all the activities from conceptualization to commissioning in relation to setting up of hydro projects. It has also diversified in the field of Solar and Wind power.
NHPC presently has an installation base of 7071.2 MW from 24 power stations on ownership basis including projects taken up in Joint Venture. The company is presently also engaged in the construction of 5+ projects aggregating to a total installed capacity of 4924 MW which includes 2 hydroelectric projects namely 2000 MW Subansiri Lower HEP and 800 MW Parbati-II HEP being executed on ownership basis. This overall gives a good economic moat to the company as the nature of the business is asset-heavy. From here, we go ahead with NHPC Valuation and Intrinsic Value of its shares.
Read more here: NHPC Shares Fundamental Analysis
Discounted cash flow (DCF) is a valuation method used to estimate the value of an investment based on its expected future cash flows. DCF analysis attempts to figure out the value of an investment today, based on projections of how much money it will generate in the future. The following step by step procedure is followed.
- Determining the Revenue Growth Rates
- Forecasting the Financial Statements
- Deriving the FCFF and FCFE
- Calculating the Terminal Value
- Calculating the Discount Rate
- Discounting the Cashflows
- Arriving at the Intrinsic Value of the Shares
You can also get the formula based DCF Excel Model from below:
Step 1: Determining the Revenue Growth Rates
We arrive at the below table by using the past and expected future performance of both the company and the economy. This along with adjustments to changes in the management expectations, extraordinary events and other macro factors give the revenue growth rates for NHPC Valuation.
|Financial Year||Revenue Growth Rate|
Step 2: Forecasting the Financial Statements
The financial statements are forecasted for a period of 5 years using the annual report data of the company. The assumptions used for forecasting are tabulated below. The Excel model is completely editable and can be adjusted for specific changes which may happen over a period of time.
Step 3: Deriving the FCFF and FCFE
Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) represents the amount of cash flow from operations available for distribution after accounting for depreciation expenses, taxes, working capital, and investments. FCFF is a measurement of a company’s profitability after all expenses and reinvestments. It is given as follows.
Free cash flow to equity (FCFE) is a measure of how much cash is available to the equity shareholders of a company after all expenses, reinvestment, and debt are paid. FCFE is a measure of equity capital usage.
|F/S Items (INR Millions)||Mar-20||Mar-21||Mar-22||Mar-23||Mar-24|
|Free Cash Flow to Firm||61266||45481||45685||58641||57999|
|Free Cash Flow to Equity||144071||48756||82014||98904||97127|
Step 4: Calculating the Terminal Value
Terminal value (TV) is the value of a business or project beyond the forecast period when future cash flows can be estimated. It assumes that a business will grow at a set growth rate forever after the forecast period. Terminal value often comprises a large percentage of the total assessed value.
|Terminal Value Calculation||Units INR Millions|
|Free Cash Flow to Firm||57998.55|
|Cost of Capital||10.97%|
Step 5: Calculating the Discount Rate
DCF analysis helps assess the viability of a project or investment by calculating the present value of expected future cash flows using a discount rate. Here we use the Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) to discount the cash flow. The below table from the excel model shows the calculation of WACC for NHPC Valuation.
Step 6: Discounting the Cashflows
The WACC and the Cost of Equity for the company calculated in the above step are then used to discount the FCFF, FCFE and Terminal Value calculated in Step 3 and 4. In our case, we’ll only consider the FCFF based Intrinsic price of the shares as it represents the cash flow to all the suppliers of capital and not only to the equity shareholders. Thus we arrive at Present value of future FCFF for NHPC Valuation. (Units are INR Millions)
Step 7: Arriving at the Intrinsic Value of the Shares
Dividing the PV of the FCFF and Terminal Value (the Value of the entire firm) by the number of outstanding shares we get the per share intrinsic value. We can compare this price with the current market price of the stock to get the Discount or Premium to its intrinsic price.
|PV in INR Million||795307|
|No of Shares Outstanding (In Million)||10219|
|Current Market Price of Share||25.50|
NHPC Valuation and Intrinsic Share Price = INR 77.83
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(Note: All the research done by me is only for educational purposes and should not be seen as Investment recommendations. I am a Research analyst and not a SEBI registered Investment Advisor. My research completely reflects my personal opinions and not of my employers. Kindly do your own due diligence before Investing)